Salta is a province with many sites of
great archaeological significance.
The first inhabitants have left evidence, such as the rock art at Guachipas,
the Inca Granaries at La Poma and the Archaeological site of Tastil. In 2014,
the “Qhapaq Ñan” (Andean Road System) was given World Heritage status by UNESCO.
In 2014, the “Qhapaq Ñan” (Andean Road System) which covers areas of Argentina, Perú, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia and Ecuador was given World Heritage status by UNESCO. Therefore, many are the sites in Salta that are now, under such recognition: several road sections, the “Santa Rosa de Tastil” archaeological site, the “Potrero de Payogasta”, “Los Graneros” area in “La Poma” and the Ceremonial Complex in Llullaillaco Volcano. This Andean Prehispanic road, once measuring almost 40,000 kilometers in length from North to South, reached its largest extension during the Incaic period, frequently called “The Inca Trail”.
ROCK ART IN GUACHIPAS
The paintings are located in a series of eaves and caves over a rocky lifting of the rock formation called “Pirgua”. They were finished with techniques using natural products of the area, both mineral and organic. The colours that appear more frequently are white, black and red. In second place, yellow and orange. The designs are varied, particularly zoomorphic and anthropomorphic. Among the zoomorphic figures are scenes of hunting guanacos and flames, large condors, rheas, scorpions, foxes and frogs. The anthropomorphic figures are representations of men with their headdresses and “uncus” (ponchos) and other typical shield figures in attitudes of war, hunting animals or ceremonial rituals.
LOS NIÑOS DEL LLULLAILLACO
The MAAM (The High Mountain Archaeological Muse¬um), is one of the most important museums in Argentina. It was created to preserve the frozen bodies of the Children of the Llullaillaco, three Inca children found perfectly preserved in 1999, on the summit of the Llullaillaco Volcano at 6.700 metres above sea level (21.981 feet). Their magnificent funerary offerings are also kept with them, diverse objects, tools and crafts distinctive of this ancient civilization. It´s an excellent opportunity to appreciate and understand, right on the middle of the city of Salta, the secrets of the high mountain and witness of the ancient Inca Culture.
ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE OF
SANTA ROSA DE TASTIL
It is one of the most impressive places of Salta. In the way to San Antonio de los Cobres, in the middle of magnificent mountains you will find the Archaeological Site of Santa Rosa de Tastil recently declared World Heritage by UNESCO. It was discovered in 1903. It would have been a village of 440 houses inhabited by 2,200 inhabitants of andean and “pámpida” races, between 1336 and 1439. This pre-Incaic city is located 100 kilometers from Salta and 3,200 metres above sea level. Houses constructions, winding streets and beaches are preserved, plus lots of objects of ceramic, metal, stone, bone, wood and tissues and vegetable fibers. It also has artistic demonstrations such as the petroglyphs, representations made with a magical religious sense.